The surge was kicked off by a tweet by Ana G. González in which she accused a well-known journalist of physically assaulting “a long list of women,” one of them being part of her close circle of friends.
Her tweet gave birth to the hashtag #MeTooEscritoresMexicanos (#MeTooMexicanWriters), and soon similar hashtags followed suit: #MeTooMexicanFilm, #MeTooMexicanMusicians, #MeTooMexicanAcademics, #MeTooMexicanJournalists, #MeTooMexicanTheatre, #MeTooMexicanArtists, #MeTooMexicanActivists, and others. Not long after, anonymous accounts such as @MeTooFilmMx or @MeTooTheatreMx were created encouraging women to send testimonies via DM.
The female journalist collective PUM — Periodistas Unidas Mexicanas, or Mexican Female Journalists United, in English — launched the hashtag #MeTooMexicanJournalists at an event on March 23, where they’ve presented results of a survey showing that 43 percent of the female journalists interviewed have been harassed at least once by their sources.
Millions of users have interacted with the hashtags, which since then have produced some concrete effects. The operations director of Reforma, a national newspaper, has been fired. Two journalists from online media Chilango have been fired, while a third is under internal investigation, according to a statement.
The Wikipolítca network, a group of organizations seeking to connect independent political representatives with civil society, expelled three of their members after they were accused of sexual assault.
The #MeToo movement began with US activist Tarana Burke in 2007, but it only spread worldwide in 2017 after Hollywood producer Harvey Weinstein was accused of sexual assault by several prominent actresses on US media.
Other online campaigns in Mexico, and more broadly in Latin America, have helped raise awareness against sexual violence against women. Some examples include #MiPrimerAcoso (#MyFirstAssault), #SiMeMatan (#IfTheyKillMe), and #AquíTambiénPasa (#ItAlsoHappensHere).
The hashtags draw attention to multiple types of violence experienced by women. According to UN Women, at least six in ten Mexican women have experienced an episode of violence at least once in their lives, while 41.3 percent were victims of sexual violence, and an average of nine women a day was killed in Mexico in 2018.
A tweet by @MeTooAcadémicosMx says women ‘have had enough’:
Como alumnas, colegas, y parejas de académicos, nos unimos al ejercicio de denuncia iniciado por @MeTooEscritores, seguido por @MeTooCineMx, y alimentado por mujeres valientes y hartas. #MeTooAcadémicosMexicanos #NoEstásSola
— MeTooAcadémicosMx (@MeTooAcademicos) March 24, 2019
As students, colleagues, and partners of academics, we join the condemnation movement started by @MeTooWriters, followed by @MeTooFilmMx, and supported by brave and fed-up women. #MeTooMexicanAcademics #YouAreNotAlone
On Medium, Astrid López Méndez, has written a long post in which she details the harassment she was subjected to by a famous Mexican writer. She shows empathy with women who’ve been through similar experiences:
El silencio a veces es la única manera de lidiar con el dolor. Pero también, a veces, poco a poco, las mujeres aprendemos a hablar, a decir lo que nos ha lastimado. No es sencillo. Por eso, a quienes están en ese proceso, les escribo también, no están solas.
Silence is sometimes the only way to cope with the pain. But also, sometimes, little by little, us women learn to speak, to say what has hurt us. It’s not easy. That is why, to those who are in this process, I also say this: you are not alone.
The problem of anonymity
One recurrent discussion around #MeToo since it emerged in 2017 is how to balance the importance of protecting the identity of victims with the ethical implications of anonymous accusations.
Ana G. González has shared some thoughts on this on a Twitter thread. She says we should be careful not to treat all violence as if they were the same, as allegations made through the hashtags have included not only sexual assault, but also other kinds of harassments of a more furtive — though also pervasive — nature:
Homogeneizar violencias es aminorar las violencias más graves. Hay que tener la capacidad de reflexionar y de diferenciar entre tipos de violencia para hacer análisis complejos y poder hacer reparaciones.
— 𝖆𝖓𝖆 𝖌𝖊 (@anag_g) March 25, 2019
Homogenizing violence is to minimize acts of violence that are more severe. It is important to have the capacity to reflect and differentiate among types of violence in order to do a thorough analysis and be able to make amends.
Men have also taken to social media to share their thoughts. On a Medium post, writer Raúl Aníbal Sánchez Vargas admits he is guilty of the same abuses being told on social media:
Creo que lo principal es el temor a reconocernos como agresores porque, a final de cuentas, tenemos un universo moral del cual no queremos ser los villanos. Tal vez por eso entre los escritores, artistas y personas de izquierda reconocernos como ESO, es casi imposible. […] Además, va junto con pegado al mito del aliado, feministo, deconstruido […] El entusiasmo y las ganas de la emancipación de [las mujeres] no nos eximen de volvernos agresores.
I think the most important is the fear of recognizing ourselves as perpetrators. In the end of the day, we have a moral universe in which we do not want to play the role of the villain. Maybe that’s why among writers, artists, and people on the left, to acknowledge ourselves as THAT is almost impossible. […] In addition, [all of this] goes hand-in-hand with the myth of the ally, the feminist, the deconstructed man […] The enthusiasm and desire for the emancipation of [women] does not exempt us from becoming aggressors.
In a country where over 90 percent of all crimes are never reported to the authorities, the #MeToo campaigns could turn out to be a chance for society to recognize the lack of access to justice for women in Mexico.